Hey lovers! I hope you are doing well? I am doing fine.

In response to the questions I got about my post on Potassium in banana, I have decided to tell you more about Electrolytes in the body.


Electrolytes are chemical substances that change into ions in solution and they have the capacity to conduct electricity.

They are present in our bodies, and maintaining a balanced levels of these electrolytes in the body is necessary for normal functioning of the cells and organs. The common electrolytes are : Sodium, Potassium, Chloride and Bicarbonate.

Let’s take them one after the other:

SODIUM: It is the major positive ion we have in the fluid outside the cells. As you may know, Sodium is one of the components of salt, however it is not the same thing as salt. Salt is a combination of 40% Sodium and 60% Chloride (scientifically written as NaCl).

NORMAL SODIUM LEVEL: the normal range should be within 135-145mEq/L or 135-145mmol/L. Excess amounts of Sodium is usually consumed in the food we eat. You should take note that you cannot tell how salty a food item is simply from tasting it. Different food processing companies add different amounts of Sodium to their products even if the products are same. For instance, ABC Meat Pie can contain higher Sodium levels than XYZ Meat Pie.

SOURCES OF SODIUM: 75% of the Sodium we eat is from processed packaged and restaurant foods, 12% exists naturally in foods, 10% in foods we prepare by ourselves (as salt, as baking soda,etc). Foods like milk, canned soups and beets contain natural Sodium. Some drugs also contain high Sodium levels, so ensure to check labels and also ask your health care provider for guidance.

FUNCTION: Sodium regulates the total amount of water in the body. Some of the processes in the body especially in the brain, nervous system and muscles require electrical signals for communication. The electrical signals are generated by the movement of sodium.


Low/high Sodium levels can cause the cells to malfunction and when extremely low/high in the blood, the effect can be fatal.

Abnormally High Sodium Levels (Hypernatremia): This occurs when there is excess Sodium in relation to water usually as a result of kidney disease (becausethe kidney helps to regulate Sodium through excretion),or dehydration (as a result of little water intake, diarrhea, vomiting, excessive sweating).

This can worsen existing kidney and heart diseases, hypertension/raised BP.

Abnormally Low Sodium Levels (Hyponatremia): Increase in the amount of water relative to Sodium. Example is when one has liver/kidney disease, congestive heart failure and burns injury. Hyponatremia can worsen an existing low Blood Pressure.

To regulate your Sodium level, drink enough water, cut down on processed foods/drinks, avoid sprinkling salt on food at the table after cooking and use little salt while cooking.

Kindly share if you found this helpful and you can also follow this blog for regular updates.



sent nurse signature

Adenike Oladimeji.


Posted by The Sent Nurse Adenike

I am The Sent Nurse,My real name is Adenike Oladmeji. I refer to myself as “the sent nurse” because I strongly believe I have an assignment not just as a regular nurse but to care for people in their lowest state beyond the physical needs. Also most of my patients fondly call me "the sent nurse"because of the way I have cared for them. The peculiarity of my profession for me is that it has moved beyond being just a nurse that takes care of the body, but one that takes care of the soul/mind and spirit of a human being. I care for the threefold man – the body, the soul/mind and the spirit. I am a very proud and enthusiastic registered nurse, and I currently practice with Roding Healthcare in Lagos, Nigeria. Added to my skill and expertise in taking care of your soul / mind, I am also a certified emotional intelligence, health/wellness and life coach. To further carry my message and passion for both my calling/profession and the three-fold man, I own a blog (www.thesentnurse.com) that focuses on faith and health related topics and discussions. I also speak at events, conferences and seminars, both Nationwide and Internationally. As an entrepreneur, I manage the operations of Ewaade beauty store (@ewaadebeautystore) , a beauty store that operates majorly via social media, providing quality cosmetics and beauty products to every female of all levels. At Ewaade beauty store, enhancing your true beauty is our goal because we believe there is no flaw in you (you are altogether beautiful). We provide you a balance of the best quality and cheapest prices.


  1. […] in the body, which I started in my previous post. In case you missed it, kindly read it here (it is actually […]



  2. […] started this post on ELECTROLYTES IN THE BODY and I already talked about 2 out of the four major electrolytes. In case you missed it, kindly […]



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